白蚁和蚂蚁有什么区别?

2020-09-28 10:09

很多人会把白蚁和蚂蚁混淆在一起,以为会飞的蚂蚁就是白蚁,甚至直呼白蚂蚁或飞蚂蚁,这其实是错误的。白蚁属于蜚蠊目(等翅目),从分类上看反倒和蟑螂是近亲,而蚂蚁属于膜翅目,细腰亚目。

Many people confuse termites with ants and think that flying ants are termites. They even call white ants or flying ants. This is actually wrong. Termites belong to cockroaches (Isoptera), but they are closely related to cockroaches, while ants belong to Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera.

白蚁和蚂蚁外形上最大的区别有三点:

There are three major differences in the appearance of termites and ants

1.触角不同。白蚁的触角为念珠状,蚂蚁的触角为膝装。

1. Different antennae. The antennae of termites are rosary, and the antennae of ants are knee mounted.

2.翅膀不同。白蚁的四个翅膀大小均等,而有翅蚂蚁前后翅大小不同。

2. The wings are different. The four wings of termites are equal in size, while the front and back wings of winged ants are different in size.

3.腰部不同。白蚁胸腹间交接部分宽度变化不大,而蚂蚁胸腹间有明显细腰节。

3. The waist is different. The width of the junction between the thorax and abdomen of termites changed little, but there were obvious thin waist nodes between the chest and abdomen of termites.


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